Thursday, 10 November 2016

Developmental differences in cognitive control of social information

Authors:-
Andrea Marotta (Department of Psychology, Sapienza University of Rome)
Maria Casagrande (Department of Psychology, Sapienza University of Rome)

Paper highlights:-
- We examined the developmental differences in the ability to exert cognitive control on social and non-social directional information

- Evidence of age-related differences in the inhibitory control of attention was only observed with social eye-gaze distracters

- Inhibitory mechanisms of social attention continue to improve along development

Keywords: arrow, attention, children, eye‐gaze
Link to article
DOI: 10.1002/icd.2005

Associations between early maternal sensitivity and children's sleep throughout early childhood

Authors:-
Émilie Tétreault, (University of Montreal)
Andrée-Anne Bouvette-Turcot, (University of Montreal)
Annie Bernier, (University of Montreal)
Heidi Bailey (University of Guelph)

Paper highlights:-
- Associations between three dimensions of early maternal sensitivity and children's sleep from 1 to 4 years of age were investigated.

- Maternal sensitivity was positively associated with children's sleep between 2 and 4 years, but not at 12 and 18 months.


- The results suggest that child age could be a key factor in the associations between maternal behavior and children's sleep.

Keywords: child sleep, early childhood, maternal sensitivity 

Link to article
doi 10.1002/icd.2004

Family members' helping behavior: Alliance formations during naturalistic polyadic conflicts

Authors:
Ryan J. Persram (Department of Education, Concordia University, Montreal)

Nina Howe (Department of Education, Concordia University, Montreal)
Sandra Della Porta (Department of Education, Concordia University, Montreal)
Hildy S. Ross (Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo)

Paper Highlights:
- Conflicts involving three or more family members occurs quite often at home.
- Alliances are a common role that family members assume in conflict, as they try to achieve a favourable outcome for their side.
- Children's involvement both as initiators and additional parties highlight their learning of various complex conflict behaviours in childhood.

Keywords: alliance, context, family relations, social interaction

The role of fantasy–reality distinctions in preschoolers' learning from educational video

Authors:-
Rebekah A. Richert (University of California)


Molly A. Schlesinger (University of California)

Paper Highlights:-

1. Over the preschool years, children come to understand what aspects of animated programs are and are not possible in the real world.
2. Preschoolers learn problem-solving skills from animated shows when they have a clear boundary between fantasy and reality.
3. Engaging with moderate fantastical content in animated programs can support abstract thinking.


Keywords: educational media, fantasy-reality, learning, analogical transfer, cognitive development 

Link to article

doi.org/10.1002/icd.2009