Wednesday, 1 February 2017

The effect of siblings on children's social skills and perspective taking

Samantha Sang (Department of Family and Human Development, Arizona State University)
Jackie Nelson (School of Behavioral and Brain Sciences, University of Texas at Dallas)

Paper Highlights:-

  • Researchers examined how sibling characteristics influenced social competence based on child's gender.
  • Hierarchical regression analyses suggested girls without a sibling had greater perspective taking than girls with brothers, boys with brothers seemed to somewhat benefit in perspective taking and increases in social skills over one year were observed among children with a younger sister.
  • Findings suggest the influence of siblings are more complex than simply having a sibling or not.

Keywords: gender; perspective taking; sibling relationships; social competence

Age-related differences in the relation between the home numeracy environment and numeracy skills

Rebecca J. Thompson (Department of Human Development and Family Studies, Purdue University),
Amy R. Napoli (Department of Human Development and Family Studies, Purdue University),
David J. Purpura (Department of Human Development and Family Studies, Purdue University),

Paper Highlights

  • The relation between specific home numeracy environment practices and children's numeracy skills were compared across preschool aged children (3 and 4 years old). 
  • Complex home numeracy environment practices were related to numeracy skills of older children, but basic home numeracy environment practices were only related to numeracy skills with younger children until controlling for parental education.
  •  More targeted measurement of the home numeracy environment may be needed in order to fully assess its impact on the development of mathematics cognition.
Keywords: mathematics development; numeracy; preschool; home numeracy environment

Link to article

Wednesday, 4 January 2017

Infant and Child Development, most downloaded articles 2016

Happy New Year to you all! Looking back on 2016, here are some of our most downloaded papers from 2016.

The following papers had the greatest number of downloads of papers that were published in our 2016 issues, or which first became available in Early View last year:-

Differences in Theory of Mind and Pretend Play Associations in Children with and Without Specific Language Impairment
Jester, M., & Johnson, C. J. (2016).

Keywords: Theory of Mind; specific language impairment; pretend play; preschoolers

The Role of Parent Education and Parenting Knowledge in Children's Language and Literacy Skills among White, Black, and Latino Families.

Rowe, M. L., Denmark, N., Harden, B. J., & Stapleton, L. M.
Keywords: parenting knowledge; language development; literacy; parent beliefs; parent education

Biased Facial Expression Interpretation in Shy Children.

Kokin, J., Younger, A., Gosselin, P., & Vaillancourt, T. 

Keywords: shyness; social anxiety; facial expressions; emotion;interpretation bias; social withdrawal

‘Mommy, You are the Princess and I am the Queen’: How Preschool Children's Initiation and Language Use During Pretend Play Relate to Complexity. 
Melzer, D. K., & Palermo, C. A.
Keywords: pretend play; preschool; parent–child interaction; complexity; mental state language

Maternal Responsive–didactic Caregiving in Play Interactions with 10‐month‐olds and Cognitive Development at 18 months 
Mermelshtine, R., & Barnes, J.

Keywords: mother–infant interaction; contingent response; didactic care giving; infant cognitive development; infant object play

Moral Evalutions of Lying for One's Own GroupFu, G., Luo, Y. C., Heyman, G. D., Wang, B., Cameron, C. A., & Lee, K. 
Click here to read Gail Heyman's blog post on this paper
Keywords: blue lies; collectivism; honesty; dishonesty; moral judgements

Infant Do, Infant See: The Role of Feedback to Infant Behavior for the Understanding of Self and Others (introduction to special issue)
Henning, A., & Zmyj, N.

Infant Emotion Regulation Strategy Moderates Relations between Self‐Reported Maternal Depressive Symptoms and Infant HPA Activity
Khoury, J. E., Gonzalez, A., Levitan, R., Masellis, M., Basile, V., & Atkinson, L.
Keywords: infant; cortisol; emotion regulation; maternal depressive symptoms; toy frustration

Preferences for ‘Gender‐typed’ Toys in Boys and Girls Aged 9 to 32 Months
Todd, B. K., Barry, J. A., & Thommessen, S. A.

Appears in the APA monitor In Brief October 2016
Further coverage of this paper on BPS Digest, The Daily Wire, The Daily Mail, and Science Daily
Keywords: sex differences; toy preference; play; infancy; gender differences

Social Competence at the Playground: Preschoolers During Recess
Veiga, G., Leng, W., Cachucho, R., Ketelaar, L., Kok, J. N., Knobbe, A., Neto, C., & Rieffe, C. 
Read a post on this paper here and see here to access some of the extensive coverage of this paper
Keywords: free play; peer interactions; preschool; observation; radio frequency identification

More than Just the Breadwinner: The Effects of Fathers' Parenting Stress on Children's Language and Cognitive Development
Harewood, T., Vallotton, C. D., & Brophy‐Herb, H. 

Appears in the APA monitor In Brief October 2016, and further coverage of this paper on Science Daily
Keywords: parenting stress; fathers; father involvement; cognitive development; language development; gender differences

Comparing Fathers' Physical and Toy Play and Links to Child Behaviour: An Exploratory Study
St George, J., Fletcher, R., & Palazzi, K.
Click here to read Jennifer St George's blog post about this work 
Keywords: father–child interaction; rough-and-tumble play; strengths and difficulties, self-regulation; social-emotional competence

We also think it's interesting to see which papers are still getting a lot of interest years after publication. Below is a list of our most downloaded papers in 2016, regardless of their publication year:-

Preferences for ‘Gender‐typed’ Toys in Boys and Girls Aged 9 to 32 Months
Todd, B. K., Barry, J. A., & Thommessen, S. A.

Keywords: sex differences; toy preference; play; infancy; gender differences

Empathy, Perspective Taking and Prosocial Behaviour: The Importance of Parenting Practices
Farrant, B. M., Devine, T. A., Maybery, M. T., & Fletcher, J.
Keywords: pro-social behaviour; maternal empathic concern; em-pathy; emotional perspective taking; cognitive perspective taking;theory of mind

Relationships among parenting practices, parental stress, child behaviour, and children's social‐cognitive development
Guajardo, N. R., Snyder, G., & Petersen, R.
Keywords: parenting; theory of mind; emotion; parental stress

Infant Developmental Outcomes: A Family Systems Perspective
Parfitt, Y., Pike, A., & Ayers, S.
Keywords: infant development; parental mental health; parent–infant relationship; couple’s relationship; infant characteristics

Parental Personality, Relationship Stress, and Child Development: A Stress Generation Perspective
Tang, E., Luyten, P., Casalin, S., & Vliegen, N.
Keywords:child development; personality; stress generation; relationship stress; family intervention

Children with Imaginary Companions Focus on Mental Characteristics When Describing Their Real‐Life Friends
Davis, P. E., Meins, E., & Fernyhough, C.
Keywords: imaginary companions; friendship; mind-mindedness;theory of mind; peer relationships

Evidence for Website Claims about the Benefits of Teaching Sign Language to Infants and Toddlers with Normal Hearing
Nelson, L. H., White, K. R., & Grewe, J.
Keywords: baby sign language; sign language for hearing toddlers

How Preschoolers' Social–Emotional Learning Predicts Their Early School Success: Developing Theory‐Promoting, Competency‐Based Assessments
Denham, S. A., Bassett, H. H., Zinsser, K., & Wyatt, T. M.
Keywords: self-regulation; emotion knowledge; social problem solving; social–emotional behaviour; classroom adjustment; academic readiness

How specific is the relation between executive function and theory of mind? Contributions of inhibitory control and working memory
Carlson, S. M., Moses, L. J., & Breton, C.

Keywords: executive function; inhibitory control; theory of mind

Differences in Theory of Mind and Pretend Play Associations in Children with and Without Specific Language Impairment
Jester, M., & Johnson, C. J.
Keywords: child development; personality; stress generation;relationship stress; family intervention

Thursday, 10 November 2016

Developmental differences in cognitive control of social information

Andrea Marotta (Department of Psychology, Sapienza University of Rome)
Maria Casagrande (Department of Psychology, Sapienza University of Rome)

Paper highlights:-
- We examined the developmental differences in the ability to exert cognitive control on social and non-social directional information

- Evidence of age-related differences in the inhibitory control of attention was only observed with social eye-gaze distracters

- Inhibitory mechanisms of social attention continue to improve along development

Keywords: arrow, attention, children, eye‐gaze
Link to article
DOI: 10.1002/icd.2005

Associations between early maternal sensitivity and children's sleep throughout early childhood

Émilie Tétreault, (University of Montreal)
Andrée-Anne Bouvette-Turcot, (University of Montreal)
Annie Bernier, (University of Montreal)
Heidi Bailey (University of Guelph)

Paper highlights:-
- Associations between three dimensions of early maternal sensitivity and children's sleep from 1 to 4 years of age were investigated.

- Maternal sensitivity was positively associated with children's sleep between 2 and 4 years, but not at 12 and 18 months.

- The results suggest that child age could be a key factor in the associations between maternal behavior and children's sleep.

Keywords: child sleep, early childhood, maternal sensitivity 

Link to article
doi 10.1002/icd.2004

Family members' helping behavior: Alliance formations during naturalistic polyadic conflicts

Ryan J. Persram (Department of Education, Concordia University, Montreal)

Nina Howe (Department of Education, Concordia University, Montreal)
Sandra Della Porta (Department of Education, Concordia University, Montreal)
Hildy S. Ross (Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo)

Paper Highlights:
- Conflicts involving three or more family members occurs quite often at home.
- Alliances are a common role that family members assume in conflict, as they try to achieve a favourable outcome for their side.
- Children's involvement both as initiators and additional parties highlight their learning of various complex conflict behaviours in childhood.

Keywords: alliance, context, family relations, social interaction

The role of fantasy–reality distinctions in preschoolers' learning from educational video

Rebekah A. Richert (University of California)

Molly A. Schlesinger (University of California)

Paper Highlights:-

1. Over the preschool years, children come to understand what aspects of animated programs are and are not possible in the real world.
2. Preschoolers learn problem-solving skills from animated shows when they have a clear boundary between fantasy and reality.
3. Engaging with moderate fantastical content in animated programs can support abstract thinking.

Keywords: educational media, fantasy-reality, learning, analogical transfer, cognitive development 

Link to article